Concrete Stamping Glossary


Acid Stain
Aggregate
Cement
Chemical Stain
Color-hardener
Concrete
Curing
Dry-shake Color Hardener
Durability
Dyes
Exposed-Aggregate Concrete
Feather-edge
Finishing
Form
Iron Oxide
Overlay
Pigment
Plastic
Release Agent
Sealer
Set
Stamped Overlay
Stamping Mats
Texturing
Texturing Mats
Texturing Skins
Vertical Stamped Concrete




- A stain containing inorganic salts dissolved in an acidic, water-based solution that reacts chemically with the minerals in hardened cement-based materials to produce permanent color that will not chip, peel, or flake.

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- A granular material such as sand, rock, crushed stone, gravel, or other particles added to cement-based materials to improve structural performance.

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- A hydraulic product that sets and hardens when it chemically interacts with water. Made by burning a mixture of limestone and clay or similar materials.

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- A stain containing inorganic salts dissolved in an acidic, water-based solution that reacts chemically with the minerals in hardened cement-based materials to produce permanent color that will not chip, peel, or flake.

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– A mixture of coloring pigments, cement, and surface conditioning agents. Applied as a dry-shake to fresh concrete to produce a colorful, wear-resistant surface.

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– A composite material consisting of a binding medium within which aggregate particles are embedded. In cement concrete, the binder is a mixture of cement and water; the filler may be any of a wide variety of natural or artificial fine and coarse aggregates.

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– Action taken to maintain moisture and temperature conditions of freshly placed concrete during a defined period of time following placement. Helps to ensure adequate hydration of the cementitious materials and proper hardening of the concrete.

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- A mixture of coloring pigments, cement, aggregates, and surface conditioning agents. Applied as a dry-shake to stamped concrete or stamped overlays to produce a colorful, wear resistant surface.

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– The ability of concrete to resist weathering exposure, chemical attack, and abrasion.

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- Translucent color solutions containing v very fine pigments that penetrate into concrete or cement-based overlays. Will not chemically react with concrete like acid stains. Both water and solvent-based dyes are available with colors ranging from soft pastels to bolder hues such as red, blue, and orange.

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– A decorative surface formed by washing away cement paste from the concrete surface to expose the underlying aggregates.

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- To smoothly, seaminglessly blend the edge of a topping or repair material into the existing concrete.

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– Leveling, smoothing, compacting, and otherwise treating the surface of newly placed concrete to produce the desired appearance and service properties.

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– A temporary structure or mold to support and contain concrete while it is setting and gaining sufficient strength to be self-supporting.

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- An inorganic pigment often used to color decorative toppings and coatings.

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- A bonded layer of material ranging from 1/4 to 1 inch or more in thickness, placed on existing concrete surfaces to beautify level or restore.

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- A finely ground natural or synthetic particle adding color and opacity to a topping or coating.

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– A condition of freshly mixed concrete indicating that it is workable and readily moldable, I cohesive, and has an ample content of fines and cement but is not overly wet.

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– A parting agent applied to the concrete surface and texturing mats before stamping to keep the mats from sticking to the plastic concrete. Also prolongs the life of the mats by decreasing the friction between the mat and the concrete.

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– Solvent or liquid-based material used to protect and enhance the appearance of decorative stamped concrete.

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– The condition reached by concrete when plasticity is lost, usually measured in terms of resistance to penetration or deformation. Initial set refers to concrete that has reached first stiffening. Final set occurs when concrete attains full rigidity.

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- Similar to conventional stamp concrete, but can be applied to existing concrete. A cemetitious topping is applied at a thickness of 1/4 to 3/4 inch and then stamped to mimic brick, slate and natural stone. Color options include dry-shake color hardeners, colored liquid pr powdered release agents, acid stains dyes and tinted sealers.

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- Rigid or semi-flexible polyurethane tools for imprinting stone slate brick and other patterns in stamped concrete surfaces.

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- Giving concrete or overlay surfaces a texture without leaving deep pattern lines.

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– Rigid or semi-flexible polyurethane tools for imprinting stone slate brick and other patterns in stamped concrete surfaces.

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– Flexible skins for adding seamless textures to concrete surfaces. They are generally thinner and more pliable than mats.

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- A decorative finish for walls and other vertical surfaces using a lightweight cementitious overlay formulated to be applied at thicknesses of up to 3 inches without sagging. While the overlay is still plastic, it can be stamped or hand carved to produce deep-relief stone or masonry wall textures. After the material dries, acid stains or dyes can be sprayed or sponged onto the surface to give it the multi-toned look of natural stone.

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